Nikita Moiseev’s ideas in the perspective of the harmony of world development


Nikita Nikolaevich Moiseev can be called one of the greatest humanists of our time, along with his other outstanding compatriots Dmitry Likhachev, Dmitry Sakharov, and Sergei Kapitsa. Running through all his teachings is the idea that a consistent synthesis of technology and morality can be made part of mankind’s fighting for the future of the planet including the organic intelligent life it nourishes. He considered modernity a transitional period, full of risks and challenges threatening the survival of the biosphere at the backdrop of a growing anthropogenic pressure. Among the tasks facing people at this difficult time, member of the Russian Academy of Sciences Nikita Moiseev pointed out optimizing and improving the efficiency of environmental policy, developing high technology, and encouraging people to dramatically reduce their needs. According to Moiseev, if scientific and technological progress caused the systemic crisis along the line of man - society - nature, it could also act as a panacea in our efforts to resolve the crisis. It is important that all anti-crisis measures can be implemented only within the framework of a planetary civilization. This expression belongs to Moiseev. He was not afraid to openly declare this idea as far back as in the 1990s.

Another important and valuable idea the scholar expressed is that a planetary intelligence is capable of formulating a program of co-evolution of man and the biosphere. There is every reason to believe that the scholar meant by it the whole thinking soul of mankind rather than the artificial or cyber intelligence. It is what the Russian philosophers of the Silver Age, from the Slavophiles to the Cosmists, had dreamt about. This soul harmoniously combines knowledge, faith and conscience. Universal planetary intelligence is a new, higher form of intelligence, an image apparently close to Vladimir Vernadsky’s noosphere. Uniting all reasonable inhabitants of the Earth, planetary intelligence organically combines truth and spirituality, which makes it able to solve global problems radically and effectively. Without this, it not only hinders the world’s development, but makes also its very existence unlikely.

Nikita N. Moiseev’s planetarity theory is close to the teachings of Russian Cosmists and the philosophy of the Planetary Project developed by the Planetary Development Institute (PDI) based in Dubai, UAE. This think tank has brought together an international team of researchers seeking solutions to the global problems of the modern world. Planetarity is a form of existence in which all differences between people are removed that seemed significant to them and which interfered with human integration. Planetarity talks about racial, ethnic, cultural, political and religious characteristics, in the sense that they basically mean nothing in the face of global threats, the risk of the disappearance of life on Earth. Planetarity refers to the kinship of all kinds of existing matter - living, inert and biocose - united, according to Vladimir Vernadsky, by geological time or natural history. Planetarity is a paradigm within which it will be possible to achieve civilizational compromises necessary for the survival of the human species during dramatic ecological and geopolitical conflicts.